Your thyroid is a very complicated gland. There are so many ways it can be damaged, iodine being one of them.
Iodine is an essential element that enables the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones. But, the relationship between iodine and the thyroid is complicated. Some practitioners simplistically declare that all thyroid patients should take iodine — or an iodine-containing herb like kelp.
But, too much iodine – and supplements that contain large amounts of iodine such as seaweed – can make thyroid hormone levels go very high if you have nodular goiter, or very low if you have a history of an autoimmune thyroid condition such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or Grave’s disease.
Food High in Iodine
In order to counterbalance the lack of iodine, you can add these various foods:
- Ocean fish including shellfish, clams, lobster, sardines
- Egg yolk
- Mozzarella cheese
- Feta Cheese
- Lima beans
- Sesame seeds
- Summer squash
- Swiss chard
- Turnip greens
What else to do?
If you have cravings, try these foods from the list and see if it balances a need for iodine. However, some people are so sensitive to iodine that they will react, feeling exhausted and achy if they are getting too much iodine.
Some small amount of iodine may be found in most multivitamins. If you’re in the very sensitive group, choose supplements that contain no iodine.
Source: Laurberg P, et. al. “Environmental iodine intake affects the type of nonmalignant thyroid disease,” Thyroid. 2001 May;11(5):457-69